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Samsung Introduces Its First ZNS SSD With Maximized User Capacity and Enhanced Lifespan

Maximum available storage capacity and 3-4x longer lifespan enable server systems to run big data and AI applications more reliably and efficiently

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An image is the front of the ZNS SSD product."
An image is the front of the ZNS SSD product."
Samsung Electronics, the world leader in advanced memory technology, today unveiled its new enterprise solid-state drive (SSD) featuring Zoned Namespace (ZNS) technology — the PM1731a. Leveraging ZNS, the SSD will maximize available user capacity and offer an extended lifespan in storage server, data center and cloud environments. “Samsung’s ZNS SSD reflects our commitment to introducing differentiated storage solutions that can substantially enhance the reliability and lifetime of server SSDs,” said Sangyeun Cho, senior vice president of the Memory Software Development Team at Samsung Electronics. “We plan to leverage quad-level cell (QLC) NAND technology in our next-generation ZNS drives to enable higher thresholds for storage performance and capacity in the enterprise systems of tomorrow.” ZNS allows data to be grouped based on their usage and access frequency, and stored sequentially in independent zones within an SSD. Without the need to move and rearrange data, ZNS SSDs can significantly reduce the number of write operations, lowering the drive’s write amplification factor (WAF) — the amount of actual writes performed by the drive compared to writes initially instructed by the host system. The closer the WAF is to one, the more efficient the SSD and the longer it will last.
An image is compare the data storage structure of the conventional SSD and the ZNS SSD."
An image is compare the data storage structure of the conventional SSD and the ZNS SSD."
Based on ZNS, the new Samsung SSD can achieve a WAF close to one, a major improvement over typical server SSD values between three and four. This will make the drive last up to four times longer than conventional NVMe SSDs, making it a greener, more sustainable solution for server infrastructures. ZNS also allows users to take advantage of the SSD’s full capacity by eliminating the need for overprovisioning, which would have required reserving some storage space for background tasks. These improvements will enable enterprise customers to handle big data and artificial intelligence applications with much greater efficiency. Built upon Samsung’s sixth-generation V-NAND, the 2.5-inch PM1731a will come in two terabyte (TB) and four TB models. The SSD will feature dual ports, ensuring the drive is fully accessible for continuous operations and minimizing downtime. This is essential for enterprises and public cloud companies who run mission-critical, data-intensive applications, and cannot afford any pause in the continuity of their businesses.
 An image is about the performance of ZNS SSD."
 An image is about the performance of ZNS SSD."
Samsung has been actively engaging in several open-source projects to help expand the ZNS ecosystem. The company will make its ZNS technology available to xNVMe, which provides software libraries and tools to improve the performance of NVMe devices. The company is also participating in the Storage Performance Development Kit (SPDK) community created by Intel, enabling SPDK users to implement ZNS more easily. Samsung plans to mass-produce ZNS SSDs in the second half of the year and continue working with global enterprise storage companies to optimize its ZNS drives across various customer environments.
[1] Garbage collection: The process of eliminating the space that is wasted upon saving/deleting data by using the SSD and reusing that space. When it takes place, the ongoing reading/writing at the time is also suspended, which deteriorates the service quality. [2] OP (Over Provision): The capacity used for background operations, etc. within the SSD. The OP is reduced significantly when garbage collection is not required, which increases the density experienced by the user. [3] WAF (Write Amplification Factor): The degree to which additional writing occurs due to reasons such as garbage collection upon saving data on the SSD. The closer the WAF converges to 1, the more efficient it will be (WAF = the actual recorded value / the record value requested by the host).

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